The Polish State
- Only Poland never capitulated, never surrendered to the invaders and fought from the first to the last day of the war.
- Only Poland has never formed a collaborative government, as was the case in other German – occupied countries.
- Only in Polandhave there never been armed troops cooperating with Germany, which was the case in all other European countries – also those not occupied by Germany and even those fighting against Germany.
- Only in Poland was there an Underground State – a unique phenomenon on a global and historic scale.
- Only Poles despite the occupation of their territory, set up a completely voluntary650,000 person army – 400,000 Home Army (AK) soldiers and 250,000 fighting at the side of the Allies. Armies in other countries were recruited mainly from compulsory conscription.
German policy against the Poles
- Only in Poland did Germany implement its plan to completely murder the entire Polish intelligentsia.
- Only in Poland did street roundups take place – the hunting down of people – where those caught were sent to slave labor or death camps.
- Only in Poland were street executions carried out to terrorize the population.
- Only in Poland did the Germans murder more Poles (3,000,000) than Polish Jews living there (2,700,000).
- Only in Poland as a result of the German occupation, 22.2% of its population lost their lives, which resulted in the largest population loss of any country in the world – compare with: 0.8% Belgians, 1.5% French and 0.8% English.
- Only in Poland did the Germans plan and to a large extent, realize eradicating the Capital City from the face of the earth.
The relationship of the Underground State to the Jews
- Only in Poland did no institution of the Polish State participate in the extermination of Jews.
- Only in Poland was an institution of the Underground State established providing help to the Jews – Żegota.
- Only in Poland did the Underground State prepare a report documenting German persecution of Jews.
- Only the Government of the Republic of Poland appealed to the Allies for help for the Jews in order to protect them from extermination, which it itself could not prevent.
- Only in occupied Poland did the Germans introduce the death penalty to anyone – including his/her family – for even the slightest help offered to Jews.
- Only in Poland did the Underground State punish individuals by death for any extortioner/blackmailer of Jews (szmalcownik) who were in hiding.
prepared by Piotr Witakowski